First Aid for Cuts

  1. Assess the nature of the injury.  Is it contained to the cut or are there other complications?
  2. To control severe bleeding, apply direct pressure to the wound by hand as quickly as possible. If the wound is large and wide open, you may have to bring the edges of the wound together first.
  3. While keeping pressure on the wound, elevate the injured area ?this will reduce blood flow to the wound.
  4. Place the casualty at rest. This will help to reduce heart rate and subsequently blood flow and shock.
  5. Quickly cover the wound with dressings, preferably sterile, and continue direct pressure over the dressings.
  6. Before applying a bandage to the wound, check for circulation below the injury. Blood flow may have been interrupted.
  7. Bandage the injury using techniques as outlined by approved first aid programs, such as those taught by St. John Ambulance.
  8. After bandaging, check circulation below the injury again to ensure blood flow has not been restricted by bandaging. If necessary, loosen the bandage enough to improve circulation.
  9. If the dressings become blood soaked, don抰 remove them, add more and continue pressure. Removing the dressings may disturb blood clots and expose the wound to further contamination.
  10. For severe bleeding, always seek medical attention.
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